What's Inspected During A Home Inspection

 

Roof

I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or eaves:

  1. the roof covering;
  2. the gutters;
  3. the downspouts;
  4. the vents, flashings, skylights, chimney and other roof penetrations; and
  5. the general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs.

Exterior

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the siding, flashing and trim;
  2. all exterior doors, decks, stoops, steps, stairs, porches, railings, eaves, soffits and fascias;
  3. and report as in need of repair any spacings between intermediate balusters, spindles, or rails for steps, stairways, balconies and railings that permit the passage of an object greater than 4 inches in diameter;
  4. a representative number of windows;
  5. the vegetation, surface drainage, and retaining walls when these are likely to adversely affect the structure;
  6. and describe the exterior wall covering.

Basement, Foundation & Crawlspace

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the basement;
  2. the foundation;
  3. the crawlspace;
  4. the visible structural components;
  5. and report on the location of under-floor access openings;
  6. and report any present conditions or clear indications of active water penetration observed by the inspector;
  7. for wood in contact or near soil;
  8. and report any general indications of foundation movement that are observed by the inspector, such as, but not limited to: sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, or floor slopes;
  9. and report on any cutting, notching and boring of framing members which may present a structural or safety concern.

Heating

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the heating systems using normal operating controls, an describe the energy source and heating method;
  2. and report as in need of repair heating systems which do not operate;
  3. and report if the heating systems are deemed inaccessible.

Cooling

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the central cooling equipment using normal operating controls.

Plumbing

I. The inspector shall:

  1. inspect and determine if the water supply is public or private;
  2. verify the presence of and identify the location of the main water shut-off valve;
  3. inspect the water heating equipment, including venting, connections, energy source supply system, and seismic bracing, and verify the presence or absence of temperature-pressure relief valves and/or Watts 210 valves;
  4. flush toilets;
  5. water-test sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage;
  6. inspect the interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets;
  7. inspect the drain, waste and vent systems, including all fixtures;
  8. describe any visible fuel storage systems;
  9. inspect the drainage sump pumps and test pumps with accessible floats;
  10. inspect and describe the water supply, drain, waste and main fuel shut-off valves, as well as the location of the water main and main fuel shut-off valves;
  11. inspect and report as in need of repair deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously;
  12. inspect and report as in need of repair deficiencies in installation and identification of hot and cold faucets;
  13. inspect and report as in need of repair mechanical drain-stops that are missing or do not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs; and
  14. inspect and report as in need of repair commodes that have cracks in the ceramic material, are improperly mounted on the floor, leak, or have tank components which do not operate.

Electrical

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the service drop/lateral;
  2. the meter socket enclosures;
  3. the means for disconnecting the service main;
  4. and describe the service disconnect amperage rating, if labeled;
  5. panelboards and overcurrent devices (breakers and fuses);
  6. and report on any unused circuit breaker panel openings that are not filled;
  7. the service grounding and bonding;
  8. a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures, and receptacles, including receptacles observed and deemed to be arc-fault circuit interrupter or AFCI-protected during the inspection using the AFCI test button, where possible;
  9. and test all ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs during the inspection using a GFCI tester, where possible;
  10. and report the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring, if readily visible;
  11. and report on any tested receptacles in which power was not present, polarity was incorrect, was not secured to the wall, the cover was not in place, the ground fault circuit interrupter devices were not properly installed or did not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat was present, or where the receptacle was not grounded or was not secured to the wall;
  12. the service entrance conductors and the condition of the conductor insulation;
  13. and report the absence of smoke detectors; and
  14. service entrance cables, and report as in need of repair deficiencies in the integrity of the insulation, drip loop, or separation of conductors at weatherheads and clearances from grade or rooftops.

Fireplace

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the fireplace, and open and close the damper door, if readily accessible and operable;
  2. hearth extensions and other permanently installed components;
  3. and report as in need of repair deficiencies in the lintel, hearth and material surrounding the fireplace, including fireplace opening clearance from visible combustible materials.

Attic, Ventilation & Insulation

I. The inspector shall inspect:

  1. the insulation in unfinished spaces;
  2. the ventilation of attic spaces;
  3. mechanical ventilation systems;
  4. and report on the general absence or lack of insulation in unfinished spaces.

Doors, Windows & Interior

I. The inspector shall:

  1. open and close a representative number of doors and windows;
  2. inspect the walls, ceilings, steps, stairways and railings;
  3. and report as in need of repair any spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles or rails for steps, stairways and railings that permit the passage of an object greater than 4 inches in diameter;
  4. inspect garage doors and garage door openers by operating first by remote (if available), and then by the installed automatic door control;
  5. and report as in need of repair any installed electronic sensors that are not operable or not installed at proper heights above the garage floor;
  6. and report as in need of repair any door locks or side ropes that have not been removed or disabled when garage door opener is in use;
  7. and report as in need of repair any windows that are obviously fogged or display other evidence of broken seals.

 

  1. I. The inspector shall inspect:the siding, flashing and trim;Exterior

    I. The inspector shall inspect:the siding, flashing and trim;all exterior doors, decks, stoops, steps, stairs, porches, railings, eaves, soffits and fascias;

    1. and report as in need of repair any spacings between intermediate balusters, spindles, or rails for steps, stairways, balconies and railings that permit the passage of an object greater than 4 inches in diameter;
    2. a representative number of windows;
    3. and describe the exterior wall covering. 

     steps, stairs, porches, railings, eaves, soffits and fascias;

    1. and report as in need of repair any spacings between intermediate balusters, spindles, or rails for steps, stairways, balconies and railings that permit the passage of an object greater than 4 inches in diamete
    2. a representative number of windows;
    3. the vegetation, surface drainage, and retaining walls when these are likely to adversely affect the structure;
    4. and describe the exterior wall covering.